Leading the Seder

Leading the Seder - it's not hard!

The Order of the Seder

  1. Kadesh: Kiddush (sanctifications) over the first cup (of four performed during the seder) of wine.  Drink the wine in a comfortable position.
  2. Urchatz: Wash your hands – but without the usual blessing.  It is an old custom to wash before dipping foods in a  liquid or sauce.
  3. Karpas: Eat the greens dipped in salt water.  Green symbolizes Spring; Salt Water reminds us of the salty tears of our ancestors who endured slavery.
  4. Yachetz: Break the middle of the Matzahs.  Reserve half for use as the Afikohmen.
  5. Maggid: Tell the story of Passover.  This is really what the Haggadah is all about.  it includes the Four Questions, the Four Sons (ad we add daughters), and the Ten Plagues. This sections ends with the second cup of wine. Make sure you drink it in a comfortable position.
  6. Rachtzah: With the proper blessing, wash your hands before you begin the meal.
  7. Motzi-Matzah; This is a double blessing said over the matzah (as unleavened bread and as a bread substitute) just prior to eating the meal.  Eat the matzah (the top and the half of the middle of the three) in a comfortable position.
  8. Maror:  After saying the appropriate blessing, eat the horseradish
  9. Korech: Called the Hillel sandwich eat a sandwich made of matzah, horseradish, and chariest.  Use the bottom matzah.
  10. Shulchan Orech: now is the time to eat all those good things on the table.  Don’t forget to keep on singing!
  11. Hide the Afikhomen!  Be prepared that whoever finds the afikhoman may hold it for ransom and you can’t start dessert without buying back the afokhomen!  Some people give money/books/toys to ‘buy back’ the afikhoman.
  12. Tzafun: Dessert time – begin with the eating of the once hidden (and now found) afikhoman.
  13. Barech: Birkat Hamazon: grace after meal.  Say it over the third cup of wine while you are in a comfortable position.
  14. Hallel:  Say the Hallel psalms.  After you are finished, drink  the fourth cup of wine. Don’t forget to stay comfortable. Then, pour Elijah’s cup and have someone open the door for him.
  15. Nirtzah; This concludes the meal.  Remember to say, “Next year in Jerusalem.” Beginning with the second night of Passover, count the Omer.

Memorable and Meaningful

To make  your seder enjoyable, memorable and most importantly, meaningful, try to give all family members/guests a chance to participate.  Don’t just rely on the Haggadah text.  Encourage discussion and questions.

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